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Technology of VLSI Circuits in Software Produce bar code 39 in Software Technology of VLSI Circuits




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Technology of VLSI Circuits generate, create code39 none in software projects GTIN-14 Table 15.3 Targ 3 of 9 barcode for None ets for the overall technology characteristics, excerpt from the 2005 International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors. In spite of minor inconsistencies, pre-2007 gures were kept for comparison.

Storage capacities, overall transistor counts, and die sizes refer to volume production as opposed to the introduction of engineering samples. Also, where the Roadmap distinguishes between high performance, low operating power, and low standby power circuits, the gures for the rst category are given unless stated otherwise..

min. half pitch [nm] 130 90 65 45 32 22 16 metal level 7 10 11 12 13 13 14 gate oxide thick.a [nm] 1.

5 1.2 1.1 0.

7 0.6 0.5 0.

5 semiconductor technology in general threpower FET FET shold supply dissicurr. leakage voltage voltage pationb drivec curr.d [mV] [V] [W] [A/m] [A/m] 200 500 165 524 151 502 167 483 195 487 205 488 1.

1 1.2 0.9 1.

2 0.8 1.2 0.

7 1.1 0.6 1.

0 0.5 1.0 0.

5 1.0 2.4 130 2.

2 158 3.0 189 3.0 198 3.

0 198 3.0 198 3.0 198 900 1110 1200 2050 2220 2713 2744 0.

01 0.05 0.20 0.

28 0.29 0.11 0.

11 inverter delaye [ps] 7.6 2.85 1.

92 1.20 0.75 0.

45 0.30 lithograph. eld [mm2 ] 800 704 858 858 858 858 858 wafer diameter [cm] 30 30 30 30 45 45 45.

year 2002 2004 2007 2010 2013 2016 2019 a b c d e Physical t o x barcode 3 of 9 for None of SiO 2 or equivalent oxide thickness (EOT) in the case of a di erent m aterial. Lower b ound applies to battery-op erated CPU, upp er b ound to high-p erform ance CPU with forced co oling. Nom inal n-channel on -state current I d s o n n at 25 C junction tem p erature.

I d s o n p (0.4 to 0.5) I d s o n n .

M aximum o -state drain-to-source current . I d s off at 25 C junc Software barcode 39 tion tem p erature and nom inal U d d . Inverter delay t p d i n v 3 C n U d d /I d s o n n , that is three tim es the intrinsic NM OS delay given in the roadm ap..

DRAMs bit cell area [ m 2 ] 0.130 0.065 0.

0324 0.0122 0.0061 0.

0038 0.0015 rel. cell areab 8 8 8 6 6 6 6 die size [mm2 ] 127 110 110 93 93 93 93 storage capacity [bit] 512Mi 1Gi 2Gi 4Gi 8Gi 16Gi 32Gi die size [mm2 ] 310 310 310 310 310 310 310.

year 2002 2004 2007 2010 2013 2016 2019 a b c d e microprocessors Software barcode 3/9 tranlocal sistor clock count freq.a [M] [MHz] 276 553 1106 2212 4424 8848 17 696 1684 4171 9285 15 079 22 980 39 683 62 443. ASICs total pin s or ballsc transistor density [M/mm2 ] 0.89 1.78 3.

57 7.14 14.3 28.

5 57.1 rel. trans.

aread 66 69 68 69 68 72 68 total pins or ballse. 1088 1450 1930 2568 3418. 3371 4015 4736 5483 6347. Local on-chip c 39 barcode for None lock, p eripheral I/O clock is slower. Area of one bit cell in multiples of F 2 , where F 2 stands for the area of one lithographic square. 1/3 for I/O signals, 2/3 for p ower and ground.

Average area p er transistor in multiples of F 2 , where F 2 stands for the area of one lithographic square. 1/2 for I/O signals, 1/2 for p ower and ground..

15.4 MARKET PULL 15.4 Market pull The formidable projected growth of integration density strains the imagination of all involved in the microelectronics industry and business, but the most essential questions are How much computing and communication does the world really need and consequently How much is it prepared to pay for that Throughout the past fty years, the thirst for computing power, memory capacity, and data rate has escalated in pace with the progress of microelectronics. Will this continue for future ULSI technologies even after today s market drivers (such as personal computing, personal and global communication, Internet services, multimedia, smartcards, and automotive components) are rmly in place What kind of applications will ask and pay for 32 Gibit DRAMs and for 62 GHz CPUs in large quantities by the year 2019 so as to justify the necessary investments High tech per se is of little value for society. Demand in microelectronics is about the uses and the usefulness of information technology.

All perceivable needs of the general public seem to fall into one of the categories below: Telecommunication (e.g. telephone, messaging, Internet, videoconferencing, and the like).

Entertainment (e.g. radio, TV, audio, video, multimedia, Internet, games).

Personal computing (e.g. document processing, spreadsheets, presentations, archiving).

Business and administration (e.g. databases, billing, accounting, inventory management).

Electronic payment systems (e.g. debit and credit cards, transaction processing).

Automation and energy management (e.g. process control, building control).

Transportation equipment (e.g. vehicle electronics, tra c control, logistics).

Health care and medicine (e.g. diagnosis and therapy, pacemakers, hearing aids).

Security and privacy (e.g. alarm systems, ciphering, personal identi cation).

Rights management (e.g. software licensing, watermarking).

Learning, information processing, and knowledge management in general.. At some point i Code 39 Extended for None n the future, it may well be that many of these needs will be largely satis ed by the technology then available [453]. Customers for top-notch microelectronics might more and more become con ned to a few companies and agencies that notoriously nd themselves in bad need of supercomputing capabilities, e.g.

for simulation of uid dynamics and aerodynamics, weather forecasting and climate modelling, nuclear physics, pattern recognition, missile guidance, cryptanalysis, vehicle crash simulation, movie animation, ray tracing and wave propagation analysis, nancial and economic forecasts, DNA and genome analysis, drug and materials research, and ironically semiconductor device and process simulation at the nanotechnology scale. Observation 15.3.

For humans to develop any broader interest in a new technology, a product or service must ease their daily lives, o er them improved safety and comfort, provide them with economic advantages, improve their social status, or bring fun and entertainment..
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